Zhiguli: Volga Switzerland with a robbery past

What do you know about Zhiguli? Not about those that car, but about those that the mountains stretching along the right bank of the Volga.

This amazing elevation, the only one in the our plain, is so picturesque that it is often called Volzhskaya Switzerland. By the way, by the standards of the Universe, the Zhigule Mountains are still very young – they are some 7 million years old, and they still grow. On average, 1 cm for 100 years.

There are different versions from where the name of the Zhiguli. Personally, I like the most popular associated with the so-called Volga Volnitz. In these places, several centuries ago, the robbery gangs were industrially. They captured merchant vessels going with a commodity along the Volga, and they took tribute to them. If anyone is tribute to pay, there is a burning rogue, they called "Ozheg". And the people who spent this spanking were called "zagula". By the way, for a long time the mountains were called precisely slaughtered, and then gradually the name was transformed into the one we know now.

One of the best places to get acquainted with the beauties of this place and its legends – the Zhigulevsky Reserve. It is here that the mountain is located is the most famous observation point of the region. Until recently, she was considered the highest peak of the Zhiguli, its height is 351 m. However, later, when performing measurements, it turned out that the highest point of Zhiguli – Mount Observer, the height of which is 375 m, but it is covered with forest, which means that it is fitted with its leadership in accessibility of hitting and, if possible, admire landscapes from her vertex.

The rise of this is absolutely simple and more like a pleasant walk in a beautiful place, rather than on the mountain climbing (yes, it is not the Caucasus).

Our walk begins with a small and very picturesque birch alley begins. We went through her in the summer, but I imagine what beauty here will be in the golden autumn.

We go to a special flooring, a little raised above the ground. It is such a track, to come off with which it is impossible, protects the unique stony steppe of the Zhiguli from pulling out. The fact is that the soil layer here is just about 5 cm, and if the tourists did not go along the floor, the unique site of nature would just die.

On the slopes of the fitting mountains are the sections of the oldest in the Volga region of communities of rocky steppes with relict and endemic flora and fauna – this is the Golden Zhiguli Foundation! In the reserve, these communities occupy only 3% of the territory, and the largest plot is located on a fit grief.

See Bright Yellow Suns? These flowers are even name wearing sunny – Sunflower Zhigulevsky. In fact, there are many sunflowers, but this subspecies occurs only here, this is a narrow endemic of the Zhiguli and therefore is protected.

And this inapproprible look at the flower Claus, imagine, grows on Earth for more than 2 million years. These are relics and protects our track from pulling out.

To the right of us a small cliff, which is called damn bridge. We think that many of you in different places met damn bridges, and every time this name has its own legend.

Here and here the rock was called not just so.

We have already said that in these places the robbers lived, the tricks passing through the Volga. Taken into the robbers not all, but only those who successfully "surrendered the exam". One of the tests and was damn bridge. The candidate for the Volga Volunitsa tied her eyes, poured charm, and then he had to go on a rock from beginning to end and not fall. It was possible to be a little, and those that fell, always remembered the trait and his mother. So it became this rock to be called a damn bridge.

Enjoying the surrounding landscapes, we rose to the highest open top of the Zhiguli – Mount Rock. The whole walk took about 20 minutes, and now we are already admiring the Volga. For us, this is not the first date with the Great River, but every time she is striking and again and falls in love again! Landscapes from the top opens absolutely magical, at such moments I regret that I do not know how to draw, because no photo will give all those emotions and then the mood that gives nature.

In good weather, when there is no haze or a marine haze in the air, you can see Togliatti on the opposite shore – the very city where Ladli was produced, perhaps the most popular Soviet cars. And to better consider all the surroundings, I advise you to use binoculars installed on the observation site.

You are still admissive by the landscape, and we will tell you where the mountain name came from.

During the times of the Volga Wolitsa on top, where we now stand with you, there was a watchdog in the robbers, it hurts well from here the Volga was visible. As soon as a merchant ship was shown on the horizon, from the mountain fire or whistle was given a signal to the accomplices, sitting in ambush. Well, then everything is like in films about pirates. Robbers attacked the ship and robbed merchants. True, as they say, Humanno robbed, some of the goods were still left, apparently not to lose their "breadlords" in the future.

In the XVII century, when Stepan Razin hurt in these parts, the term "watchdog tower" did not know, and therefore they used the ancient our word "Strelna". So it became this mountain fit, that is, watchdog.

Crowning rocky limestone protrusion – Shikhan. If you rise to it (it is impossible to do this, so we just fantasize), then you can feel like a huge bird soaring over the Volga.

And if you look back, I focused and the staircase, according to which we went here, something will reminde the Great Wall of China, however?

Among the Volga is the island with the speaker name. From the height, it seems small, and in fact, together with sandy braids, scattered water, stretches at 5 km. In the center of the island even has its own lake! Once it is here that brothers-robber waited their prey, and now nobody lives on the island – only hundreds of birds stay here to relax during flights.

And about the birds. In the Zhigulevsky Reserve, it is possible to meet approximately 80% of all types of feathered, living in the Samara region: from tiny flies to magnificent Orlanes. And here there are 58 species of birds listed in the Red Book of the Samara region.

Zhiguli Volzhskaya Switzerland with a robbery past

Orlans We did not see, they will fly here later, and behind the flights of black Korshunov observed.

Acquaintance with these predatory birds began with Casus. Hearing the rusty of the foal, I began to look for the eyes of horses. When I realized that kilometers flies to the nearest stable stable, I thought that I had overheated in the sun and I had auditory hallucinations. But the husband also hears this rye, it means that everything is in order. Very quickly became clear that the sound comes from the sky. Pegasov diluted in the reserve? The same world sensation! Rasiashka was also published with pegasses: Black Korshun flew over our heads, and horsepower – his tricks.

From afar, black KORSHUUS seems very large – it’s all because of the scope of the wings, which reaches 1.5 m, and in fact the bird is less chicken! Middle Weight Korshun – 800-1200 g. These birds eat mostly Padalu, but do not refuse themselves in pleasure to enjoy fresh river fish, and therefore tickle over the water in search of production and settle and settle down closer to the reservoirs.

You can visit the mountain fit only on your own passenger car or with an excursion. From the PPC of the Reserve to the beginning of the rise – 8 km along a small mountain serpentine, but it is impossible to go on foot or drive on a bike. If you do not want to admire beauty in the crowd, then come here best on weekdays in the morning.

And further. If you are going to fit, then you will definitely visit the village of Bakhylova Polyana on the way, where the administration of the reserve is located, and look at the town of Bumbinkov. The fact is that the Asian Badger is a mascot of the reserve, and here there are three wonderful guests in the aviary: Barsuki Masha, Dasha and Boris Mikhailovich (no, do not know why it was called it).

The content of badgers in the captivity is very complex, because these animals do not have practically in any zoo. Unfortunately, the badgers did not come to us – apparently slept. Badger is a beast night, so if you want to see these forest inhabitants, then come to the town of Bancers is better closer in the late afternoon.

We will add, perhaps, Masha, Dasha and Boris Mikhailovich are not catching out in the wild, and they are born in a hunting hunting economy, so it’s not worth offering them to the forest, they will not survive there. Once these badgers served to attract hunting dogs in a cynological club (yes, it was allowed, unfortunately), then this practice stopped and the badgers were not needed by anyone. Looking into wildlife animals in the wild of the wilderness, and salvation came in the person of the director of the Zhigulevsky reserve Yuri Krasnobeeva, who suggested transporting animals to the reserve and create their living conditions here.

Interesting Facts:

Bumbers – the only representatives of the Kunih family, flowing into the winter hibernation.

The middle weight of the badger is about 20 kg, and by the time of winter hibernation it is eaten to 33-35 kg.

In the wild, the batching town can be located in the territory of up to 1 hectare, and every badger in such a town has its hole-room.

About two dozen badgers live in the Zhigulevsky Reserve, But you can see them in wildlife only with the help of photo gallets.

Zhiguli Volzhskaya Switzerland with a robbery past

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