Cities of Italy: Ravenna
The administrative center of the province of the same name, Ravenna (Ravenna) lies in the East of the Emilia-Romagna region.
Founded by Fessels or Umbri in the V-III centuries. to N. NS. The city is located at a distance of more than 30 km from the sea and is associated with the Adriatic Canal and the Montone River. Ravenna was the capital of the Osthots of the Kingdom of Theodorich (V in.), and the last capital of the Western Roman Empire (V in.), the center of the Ravenna Exarchate and the important shopping center of the Venetian Republic. The rich history left the city a huge number of different monuments, but most often it is figuratively called "Capital of Mozaic", Since the number of mosaic panels and floors in Romanesque churches are equal to growing in place of more ancient structures, truly huge.
Eight early Christian monuments of Ravenna in 1996 were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List – Baptistery neon (IV-V BB.) and Ariana (V-VI BB.), Mausoleum Galla Plachyia (425-430.), Archbishopal Chapel (433-450.), Basilica Sant Apollinar-Nuovo (VI B.), Mausoleum Theodorich (520 g.), and Basilica San Vital (527-548.) and Sant Apollinar-In-Class (549-856.).
In the heart of the city, near the Church of San Incola, in 1980, the ruins of the Roman Villa were opened during the construction of Banca Popolare Di Ravenna Domus dei-triklinio (I – III BB.), Nowadays, turned into a museum. In the church of Santa Aufemia (XVIII in.) Luxury mosaics are open along Via-d’Adzelo Byzantine Palace (VI-VII centuries.) who also received their own name – stone carpet.
The unique historical monuments include the complex area Piazza del Popolo, Orthodox baptistery (V B.), ancient Church of Spirito-Santo (V-VI BB.) with five galleries, Church of Chan Giovanni Evangelistist (V B.), Basilica San Francesco (X-XI centuries.) with fragments of Mosaics earlier church and grave Dante Aligiery (1321 g.), baroquic Church of Santa Maria Maggiore (525-532., Restored in 1671 g.), Church of San Giovanni Battista (1683 g.), Basilica Santa Maria-in-Porto (XVI B.) with a rich facade (XVIII in.), nearby Municipal gallery, lock Rocca-Brankaleone (1457 g., Inside its walls, a public park is broken), the so-called "Palace Theodorich" (actually portal in the Church of the San Salvator, only mosaics are preserved from the palace itself), National Museum and Library Slasstense (XVI B.).
Around the city
East city lies the so-called archaeological zone Class, Located on the site of the port class – the largest Roman sea base in the Eastern Mediterranean. At the time of the heyday of the Empire, up to 250 ships were based at the same time, and up to 10 thousand masters worked on shipyards and warehouses, which exceeded the population of many capitals of the time. In the zone of excavations, you can see the ruins of port structures, buildings and roads. And the string of first-class beaches framed by pine forests and a lot of small resort towns stretches south and north.